Self control or self management is according to a research paper called ‘Development and Validation of a Brief Measure of Self-Management Competence: The Self-Management Self-Test (SMST).(Wehmeier, P. M., Fox, T., Doerr, J. M., Schnierer, N., Bender, M., & Nater, U. M. (2019). Therapeutic Innovation & Regulatory Science. (https://doi.org/10.1177/2168479019849879) is measured by “a way of dealing with oneself and relates to actions undertaken to create order, discipline, and control.
When developed properly, it enables the mastery of challenges and difficulties in everyday life (especially in individuals at risk for burnout at work) and in people with a chronic psychiatric or nonpsychiatric illness.” I find this truly helpful and insightful for myself. I struggle in the relationship category and certain aspects of Awareness, yet the last 3 are quite strong for me.
The author considers “good self-management to be characterized by high manifestation of each of the 5 dimensions and their interplay.”
The 5 dimensions are
1. (“Awareness”) is the awareness of internal and external reality, which means the capacity for self-perception and being connected to external reality.
2. (“Relationships”) refers to the quality of interpersonal relationships, which means the ability to sustain relationships with others and maintain social contacts. This dimension reflects the fact that all human emotions, thoughts, and actions occur in a social context5 and that social cues provided by others serve as a source of information to provide an overview of the external reality and thus guide the individual’s behavior. Moreover, these social cues can also function as incentives in the sense of Bandura’s facet of “self-reactions.” This dimension also relates to the concept of behavioral self-regulation for effective relationships.13 The third dimension
3. (“Planning”) describes orientation to the future, which means the ability to set priorities and plan the future. This dimension combines the concepts of goal-setting,14 action planning,7,9 and problem-solving,7 which are considered important self-management strategies in the literature. The fourth dimension
4. (“Decision Making”) comprises the ability to choose between options and make decisions.5 This dimension includes considering alternative modeling strategies before ultimately coming to a decision.7 Finally, the fifth dimension
5. (“Action”) relates to the capacity for action, which means the ability to do what can realistically be done and act effectively. When actions result in the accomplishment of goals, self-efficacy expectations are fostered, which again feeds back to more efficacious actions, resulting in a self-reinforcing circle between “Action” and self-efficacy.
The way the researcher’s tracked the results was by giving the participants The PHG (Patient Health Questionnaire) because they believe that to track the validity of the Self- Management Self-Test because eating disorders, alcohol dependence and depression could be linked to poor self-control.
The conclusion of the results according to the research was that the SMST was very accurate way of tracking a variety of patients struggles. “As a self-rating test, the SMST can also be considered an effective instrument to assess patient-reported outcomes in people with depression. Since the SMST is sensitive to change (considering the fairly low test-retest stability), it could be useful in assessing the effect of treatment interventions over time in people with various psychiatric disorders, such as anxiety disorders,19 alcohol dependency,32 and post-traumatic stress disorder.54 Moreover, the SMST could be a helpful tool to assess self-management interventions in patients with chronic illness7,15 or functional somatic syndromes.”
I will try to incorporate this test in my own research and even suggest it to my clients. I will make further posts on how self-monitoring can be unhelpful.